Environmental enrichment, such as toys, puzzle feeders, positive reinforcement training, new smells, and more, are essential to keep these little creatures happy. Along with mental stimulation, they thrive on a diet of small mammals and the occasional fish. Most species of marten are solitary, and defend a territory. Will also feed on mice, shrews, fish, small birds, insects and fruit. The American marten is sometimes referred to as pine marten due to the similarities shared with their European pine marten relatives. The animals' throats are pale buff to orange; their tails and legs are dark brown. However, the marten is also an aggressive predator, and can kill the much larger snowshoe hares and marmots. Life History: American marten begin reproducing at 1 or 2 years of age. Its diet consists primarily of small mammals, including squirrels and rodents. Key words: abundance estimation, American marten, conservation strategy, diet relationships, Martes americana, old-growth reserves, small mammals, Southeast Alaska, stable isotope analysis, Tongass National Forest . American minks are able to kill snakes but do not eat them. American Marten Diet 187. in 1014 scat samples (Table 1). v. INTRODUCTION . American marten are subnivean hunters meaning they hunt under the snow for prey during winter. With its high metabolism, the American Marten is often hunting. berries and American beechnuts make up a significant portion of the marten diet when they are available.12,36 Forest structure • Canopy height: > 30 ft 3,18 • Canopy closure: > 30 % in all seasons 3,18,37 • Basal area of live trees and snags: > 80 ft2/acre 3,18, 28 • Snag basal area: > 10 ft2/acre Figure 4. and southern red-backed voles), and 28% squir-rel-sized prey. Seven mammal species were not As an opportunistic feeder, they will eat birds, fruit, nuts, insects, and carrion. By frequency of occurrence, the majority (63%) of the scat samples contained vole-sized prey (primarily Microtus spp. Their fur is soft and thick, varying in color from pale buff or yellow to reddish or dark brown. Diet: Opportunistic feeders but primarily prey on small mammals such as voles and snowshoe hare. Fine, triple-refined mink oil of cosmetic grade, which covers the fur of the animal, is prized for its use on people’s faces and bodies. Behavior of the Marten.