It is not too difficult, especially if you are a native speaker of another European language. The English “you” has two forms in German – “du” and “Sie” in singular and “ihr” and “Sie” in plural. Here you can find information about modal verbs, reflexive verbs, separable … Once you start, you will soon realize that the basic rules of German grammar are relatively simple. For example, “ein” and “eine” can also appear as “einer”, “eines” or “einem”, while “der”, “die” and “das” can be transformed into “dem”, “den” and “des”. In the German language there are six tenses: present (Präsens), present perfect (Perfekt), simple past or... Verbs. They are generally used with an article and have to be declined. German Grammar with Rules and Interactive Exercises Tenses. Learn the most important rules and their exceptions and master verb conjugation in various tenses. Here you can find information about modal verbs, reflexive verbs, separable and inseparable verbs, the passive voice, the imperative, and the subjunctive. Below we present a list of those that specifically address grammar issues (please note that most German courses listed in other sections of this website are also dealing with grammar): Alternatively, if you prefer paper textbooks, you may be interested in these PDFs for practicing German grammar that you can download for free. Prepositions are short words (for example in, auf, ohne – in, on, without) that we use with nouns or pronouns. Adverbs are unchanging words (for example hier, gestern, darum, sehr – here, yesterday, therefore, very), which we use to provide information about place, time, reason, or manner. A quick-learner can probably memorize them in a couple of days. Below is a brief overview of the most important specifics of German grammar from the perspective of an English (native) speaker. The plural form of many nouns can differ significantly from its singular form and in most cases there are no exact rules to help you with that. The German language uses four cases. They indicate how someone or something is (for example gut, schnell – good, fast). Free online exercises to practice the application of grammar rules for both beginners and advanced learners. For each German lesson you can find graded German exercises in the levels 'easy', 'medium' and 'difficult'. For example, a man in German is “ein Mann”, or “der Mann” if definite article is used, which tells you the noun is masculine whereas a woman is “eine Frau” or “die Frau” and, therefore, feminine. Adjectives can be comparative, and sometimes we have to decline them too. Copyright © 2016 LearnGermanOnline.org. That is, most of the German grammar rules are very logical and often related to grammar rules found in many other European languages. These articles tell you whether a noun associated with the article is masculine, feminine or neuter as all nouns in German have a grammatical gender (but this is not the same as biological gender). In this part of the site, we explain the order of words in main clauses, questions, and dependent clauses. There is no shortage of free online resources that teach German grammar. Adjectives are descriptive words. Many people, including German native-speakers themselves, believe that German is a difficult language to learn because of its complex grammar. They are reflected in the declension of the aforementioned articles and certain adjectival pronouns as these change to show the case of the nouns they modify (however, the German noun itself does not change much to signal its case). German online exercises that cover the most important grammar areas with a concentration of topics that make most foreigners problems. Exercise 1 - Konjugation Präsens, Personalpronomen I; Exercise 2 - Bestimmter und unbestimmter Artikel I; Exercise 3 - Bestimmter … German word-order is not the same as English, although there are a lot of similarities. Each preposition requires a particular case (genitive, dative, accusative). German uses two indefinite articles “ein” and “eine” which stand for “a” or “an” in English and three definite articles “der”, “die” and “das” that correspond to the English “the”. In German, nouns can be masculine, feminine, or neuter (for example der Löffel, die Gabel, das Messer – the spoon, the fork, the knife). We make a distinction between personal, possessive, reflexive, interrogative, demonstrative, and indefinite pronouns. In each tense, the verbs have to be conjugated (ich, du, er, ... – I, you, he, ...). We pay special attention to the areas of conditional clauses and indirect speech. One such example is irregular verbs which are often the same in German and English (e.g., sing, bring, drink). In the German language there are six tenses: present (Präsens), present perfect (Perfekt), simple past or preterite (Präteritum), past perfect (Plusquamperfekt), future (Futur I), and future perfect (Futur II). If you learn to apply these rules correctly, you will soon be able to speak reasonably good German. However, in most cases, there are no signals to indicate which gender a noun belongs to and you will need to learn the gender of each noun by heart. German Exercises. For example, a man in German is “ein Mann”, or “der Mann” if definite article is used, which tells you the noun is masculine whereas a woma… Some adverbs can be comparative. Our complete grammar explanations make learning German easy. Learn German grammar online with Lingolia. The different tenses are explained in the section called "Tenses". Although there are exact grammatical rules for this, you will need to know the grammatical gender of a noun to apply the rules correctly. With hundreds of interactive exercises for beginners through to advanced German learners, you can practise what you have learnt and master the German language. All Rights Reserved. You will have to learn the plural form of most German nouns by heart. They are in two different formats: multiple choice and fill in the blanks. The biggest difference is that in German the verb is always placed at the end of subordinate clauses. These articles tell you whether a noun associated with the article is masculine, feminine or neuter as all nouns in German have a grammatical gender (but this is not the same as biological gender). However, it will take practice and discipline to apply them in speech. This is important when conjugating verbs that follow these pronouns and there are precise grammatical rules for it. For those wishing to work offline there's a print version available. Fortunately, these exceptions tend to follow set patterns but a certain amount of pure memorization is required. You can interactively and independently test your progress and apply German grammar rules. German, like English, has grammatical irregularities or exceptions. Also, the prepositional part of compound separable verbs, e.g., “auf” in the German verb “aufstehen” (meaning stand up in English), comes at the end of the clause. Do not let grammar to discourage you from learning German. German uses two indefinite articles “ein” and “eine” which stand for “a” or “an” in English and three definite articles “der”, “die” and “das” that correspond to the English “the”. German Grammar with Rules and Interactive Exercises. But for a language, having precise grammar rules is not all that bad after all. Pronouns take the place of nouns and have to be declined.