Andes Mountain ranges are the longest continental mountain range in the world located in South America. 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Number three, Kanchenjunga, was scaled in 1955. Here are some of the Earth's highest, longest, and most famous ranges. These ranges were formed by major volcanic activity occurring in the Indian sub-continental plate colliding with the Eurasian Plate. There are only three inhabited towns in the Karakoram with the locals depending on subsistence agriculture for their survival. All are in the two highest mountain ranges in the world, the Himalayasand the Karakoram. Mountain ranges occur on every continent. Mount Everest. It forms the northern edge of the Tibetan Plateau. The Andes are the highest peaks of the Western Hemisphere and home to the highest mountain peak in South America, Mount Aconcagua. The Alaskan range is one of the components of the Alaskan Mountains stretching 400 miles from Lake Clark in Alaska to the White River in Canada's Yukon Territory. … The components of mountain ranges in the Hengduan are separated by deep river valleys that channel water from great rivers in Southeast Asia forming the Three Parallel Rivers of the Tibetan Plateau. Alaska Range is a segment of the larger Pacific mountain system of North America and hosts the third highest peak of the world’s seven summits, the Denali. The Silk Road considered to be the long and most dangerous land route between Europe and China passes through the Pamir. The Alaskan range is one of the segments of the Alaskan Mountains extending 400 miles from Lake Clark in Alaska to the White River in Canada’s Yukon Territory. Most of the Kunlun region is covered in steppe and rocky terrain character of desert conditions. The Turpan depression in the Tian Shan is the lowest region in Central Asia lying at 504 feet below sea level. The world's second highest summit, K2, was checked off a year later in 1954. Glaciers in the mountain have been shrinking rapidly and it is estimated that by 2050, half of the remaining glacier on the mountain will have melted. The Karakoram is home to the world’s highest closely located peaks elevating over 25,000 feet above sea level, including the world’s second highest peak, K2. The Pamir lie within the Tajikistan region, but its outer edges penetrate to China, Afghanistan, and Kyrgyzstan. Cho Oyu in the Himalaya 7. Due to the rotation of the earth, Chimborazo peak in the Andes lying in the equatorial bulge is considered the farthest point from the earth’s center. Throughout is alignment, the Kunlun comprises of three parallel ridges rather than a single crest as most ranges. They are formed by a number of geological processes with the majority being formed through plate tectonics. The mountain vary contains of over fifty mountain peaks at elevations of 23,600 toes above sea degree, together with the world’s highest peak Mt. Mount Everest is officially the highest mountain on earth; with a height of 8848 m (29028.87). Next up, Mt. The ranges separate the lowlands of Myanmar from those of the Sichuan Basin. The Hindu Kush (Caucasus Indicus) is a 500-mile mountain range stretching from the Afghan-Pakistan border to northern Pakistan. The Andes or Andean Mountain Range is the longest continental mountain range in the world, stretching approximately 7,000 km (4,300 mi). It is also considered the most influential deity in a large part of northern Tibet. Everest. Himalayan ranges stretch uninterrupted for 1,550 miles from the west-northwest to the east-southeast of Nanga Parbat in Pakistani and Namjagbarwa in the autonomous region of China. Aconcagua is the highest peak, at about 6,962 m (22,841 ft). Due to their great heights, the Karakoram forms the longest glaciers in the world located outside the Polar Regions. Tian Shan mountain ranges consist of a series of ranges coupled with intervening valleys and basins. Below are the ten highest of these fourteen mountains. It is located on the border between Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal, and Tibet, China and is part of the Himalayan Mountain Range. The world's longest above-water mountain range is the Andes, about 7,000 km (4,300 mi) long. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 First, the highest and longest mountain ranges on Earth are listed, followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent. The Frozen North Range is a fragment of the bigger Pacific mountain arrangement of North America and hosts the third most elevated pinnacle of the world’s seven summits, the Denali. Himalayan ranges stretch uninterrupted for 1,550 miles from the west-northwest to the east-southeast of Nanga Parbat in Pakistani and Namjagbarwa in the autonomous area of China. It is formed by a … There are 14 mountains over 8,000 metres (26,247 ft), which are often referred to as the Eight-thousanders. The summit of Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth 2. Alaska range's enormous glaciers and panoramic Arctic sceneries attract tourists and mountain climbers. In this Top Ten List, we are going to start with the ranges with the highest peaks (including four sub-ranges of the Himalayan system), move on to some of the longest ranges, and end with a few mellow old ranges on quiet continental margins. Mountain ranges are a series of mountains occurring in a line or arranged in a line and connected by high ground. This is a list of mountain ranges on Earth and a few other astronomical bodies. They create a barrier between the Tibet Plateau to the north and the Indian subcontinent alluvial plains to the south. The Andes ranges stretch for 4,300 miles from the southern tip of South America through Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile to the northern coast of the Caribbean. They also form the American Cordillera consisting of a continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the backbone of North America, South America, Central America, and Antarctica. The following table lists the highest mountain peaks of the world including mountain name, … Passways running through the Hindu Kush have played a key military role in the invasions of the Indian Subcontinent and continue being an integral part of modern Afghanistan warfare. It forms the western part of the Hindu Kush Himalayan Region and the vast Alpine zone consisting of the largest watershed in central Asia.