Furthermore, Greece and India conducted not only trade but also cultural, educational, and philosophical exchanges. The medieval period was characterized by the growth of new devotional religious movements centred on hymnodists who taught in the popular languages of the time. In Indonesia the people of Bali still follow a form of Hinduism adapted to their own genius. Which had a larger area of core influence in 500 B.C., Hinduism or Buddhism? There is no clear evidence to attest to the influence of Hinduism in the ancient Mediterranean world. The ideas of these poets, spreading northward, probably were the origin of bhakti in northern India. This map shows the diffusion of Christianity. )��d�\�dOE�a�JO��~t4�'�]��l�`e��z��ڣl�-���l�E��^�'������^R��_$�+D�:�,D�GY��?Ԏ5����M����R?�`�z"�?�dTM�Lo�c$�%2�5�5� ��犯�� ��MKܜ��|VG�Ţ�(�*l ��[email protected]�%@9~��w. Hinduism and Buddhism exerted an enormous influence on the civilizations of Southeast Asia and contributed greatly to the development of a written tradition in that area. It quickly spread in every direction! Great cities were erected with … Hinduism diffused into Southeast Asia (mostly India) and into the island of Bali in Indonesia. Hinduism. The civilizations of Southeast Asia developed forms of Hinduism and Buddhism that incorporated distinctive local features and in other respects reflected local cultures, but the framework of their religious life, at least in the upper classes, was largely Indian. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Religious Origins and Diffusion Hinduism is the oldest major religion originating around the Indus Valley (within modern day Pakistan) around 4,000 years ago. Later, from the 9th century onward, Tantrism, both Hindu and Buddhist, spread throughout the region. Political Geography High School World History Africa Map African Countries Information Graphics African History Me On A Map Writing A Book The Unit. This photo shows the migration patterns of Jews, which influenced the spread of Judaism. It is nevertheless certain that divinity and royalty were closely connected in Southeast Asian civilizations and that several Hindu rituals were used to valorize the powers of the monarch. This map shows the hearth and diffusion of Hinduism. ��x��(_�7� Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are five of the biggest religions in the world. As a result, the religion spread mainly southeast through trade, conquest, and colonization. It is not clear whether this presence came about primarily through slow immigration and settlement by key personnel from India or through visits to India by Southeast Asians who took elements of Indian culture back home. Calculate It How many years were there between the arrival of Buddhist influence in Sri Lanka and in Japan? h޴�mo�H���|ϑ}_�� (2 points) C. On the map, shade the … Back to the map. This photo shows the migration patterns of Jews, which influenced the spread of Judaism. h�b```c``�c`a`��[email protected] afV�8�����v!�] Iݸ��ݴt�����������2��%`[email protected]�� $�6p�0�`�}@=��S)�\��'�|G����`��ܹ���XB!�e�N^����%��3!|FA� 2r,T endstream endobj 36 0 obj <> endobj 37 0 obj <> endobj 38 0 obj <>stream In these early sources it represents a devotion still somewhat restrained and unemotional. The dominant form of Hinduism exported to Southeast Asia was Shaivism, though some Vaishnavism was also known there. In their journeys throughout India, their biographies claim, they vehemently debated with Buddhists and tried to persuade kings and other influential people to withdraw their support from Buddhist monasteries. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Veda, Brahmans, and issues of religious authority, Other sources: the process of “Sanskritization”, The prehistoric period (3rd and 2nd millennia, Religion in the Indus valley civilization, The Vedic period (2nd millennium–7th century, Challenges to Brahmanism (6th–2nd century, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Shaivism, and Shaktism, The spread of Hinduism in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, Questions of influence on the Mediterranean world, The rise of devotional Hinduism (4th–11th century), The challenge of Islam and popular religion, The modern period (from the 19th century), The religious situation after independence, Elaborations of text and ritual: the later Vedas, Philosophical sutras and the rise of the Six Schools of philosophy, Tantric and Shakta views of nature, humanity, and the sacred, Tantric and Shakta ethical and social doctrines, Divination, spirit possession, and healing, Rituals, social practices, and institutions, Renunciants and the rejection of social order, Cultural expressions: visual arts, theatre, and dance, Religious principles in sculpture and painting, Religious organization of sacred architecture. These religious men were patronized by rulers who converted to Hinduism or Buddhism. Maps on the Web. Christianity primarily diffused by relocation diffusion through Christian missionaries. It quickly spread to the North West as well as the South East. The poems have a strong ethical content and encourage the virtues of love, humility, and brotherhood. He told the facts of the popular religions, including Hinduism, and tries to provide the basic knowledge about the diffusion. Enormous temples to Shiva and Vishnu were built in the ancient Khmer empire, attesting to the power and prestige of Hindu traditions in the region. Several Greek and Latin writers (an example of the former being Clement of Alexandria) show considerable knowledge of the externals of Indian religions, but none gives any intimation of understanding their more recondite aspects. %PDF-1.3 %���� Hinduism and Christianity diffuse in different ways. 2. The Greek philosopher Pythagoras (c. 580–c. ���Cm�(�^��.q�� ����ߙ]�1mJ�,Ͼ������D��8� ��1X�D`hc�J���@��jZcۀ�4٢j��F �1`*+TC[�0�� ��|3yJ�)5����p����/�դH He comes from the perspective of an objective source. The Himalayas formed a barrier blocking much of Southeast Asia from the rest of the continent, halting the northward expansion of Hinduism. Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion, according to many scholars, with roots and customs dating back more than 4,000 years. There is little evidence of direct influence of Hinduism on China or Japan, which were primarily affected by Buddhism. The term bhakti, in the sense of devotion to a personal god, appears in the Bhagavadgita and the Shvetashvatara Upanishad. Whereas early 20th-century scholars wrote about the Indianization of Southeast Asia, those of the late 20th and early 21st centuries argued that this influence was very limited and affected only a small cross section of the elite. Hinduism diffused into Southeast Asia (mostly India) and into the island of Bali in Indonesia. Types of Diffusion, including Barriers: It is both: hierarchical diffusion and expansion diffusion, because it spread out India, but it mostly stayed there. On the map, label the core for that religion with the first letter of that religon.. (there is a separate map for each religion). There are more than 750 million followers today. This map shows the diffusion of Christianity. The Patanjali text is the older, and influence is probable, though the problem of mediation remains difficult because Plotinus gives no direct evidence of having known anything about Indian mysticism. Stories from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata became widely known in Southeast Asia and are still popular there in local versions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 500 bce) may have obtained his doctrine of metempsychosis (transmigration, or passage of the soul from one body to another; see reincarnation) from India, mediated by Achaemenian (6th–4th century bce) Persia, but similar ideas were known in Egypt and were certainly present in Greece before the time of Pythagoras.