Color Your Sentences With Japanese Adjectives. When using an i-adjective for the predicate function in formal speech, simply add desu afterward to make the sentence polite. The other thing you might notice is that some adjectives in Japanese are not adjectives in English. When there are 2 adjective sentences, how to join them together into one sentence? kawaii neko! (安い洋服!) – “What cheap clothes!”. Whose Is It? 嫌い な 食べ物 。 Hated food. They play a vital role in increasing your language fluency. Memorize some common adjectives and ask your Japanese teacher for extra help, if you need it. useful => usefulness, powerful => powerfulness, etc.) For example, "takai(高い)" in the sentence "takai kuruma (高い車)" means, "expensive". All i-adjectives end in い which is written in hiragana. The term no-adjective refers to Japanese adjectives created by adding the no の particle after a noun. And joining these 2 sentences with te-form for na-adjectives. This article tackles -na adjectives. How to use Japanese Adjectives 形容詞 Keiyoushi : “Adjectives are words that describe the qualities or states of being of nouns: enormous, doglike, silly, yellow, fun, fast. By using adjectives in Japanese, you can take your language skills to the next level. Missed the Black Friday Sale? If you would like to learn about -i adjectives, please click here.The -na adjectives pretty much act as nouns. As you may have expected, the te-form for いい is よくて (yokute) but not いくて (ikute). Examples. In Japanese, we say “my stomach is empty” rather than “I’m hungry.” There’s no single adjective that means “hungry,” and the same goes for “thirsty.”, onaka suita (お腹空いた) – (stomach empty)  –  “I am hungry” nodo kawaita (喉乾いた) –  (throat dry) –  “I am thirsty”. Let’s begin! Japanese Grammar: Japanese Adjectives – Review Notes. Japanese doesn’t have particular words for … The link above is an affiliate link, which means that I would earn a commission (at no extra cost to you) if you do end up purchasing the related learning course. Examples. In fact, 「 嫌い 」 is one of the rare na-adjectives that ends in 「い」 without a Kanji. These adjectives end with (you guessed it) the letter “i”. The Japanese language is very flexible with adjectives. If you would like to learn about -i adjectives, please click here.The -na adjectives pretty much act as nouns. All you have to do is add the verb “is,” which in this case is “ga” (が). Therefore the following 2 sentences are also valid. I am (adjective)… in Japanese. These adjectives are for determining which noun or pronoun you’re referring to. それ — That. Below is a selection of JLPT N5 i-adjectives. Now you know all the basics of Japanese adjectives! Adjectives are words that are used to describe things. これ — This. In Summary, don't connect 2 contradictory Japanese adjectives using te-form. これ — This. How are “na” – adjectives constructed differently? The answer is to change the adjective in the first sentence to te-form (て-form), and connect it to the second adjective to form one sentence. In fact, 「 嫌い 」 is one of the rare na-adjectives that ends in 「い」 without a Kanji. Although Japanese adjectives have functions to modify nouns like English adjectives, they also function as verbs when used as predicates. To change to te-form for i-adjectives, remove the "い" (i) and replace it with "くて" (kute). Your email address will not be published. Luckily, using adjectives in Japanese is pretty darn easy. This article tackles -na adjectives. Search thousands of teachers for local and live, online lessons. If you’re learning Japanese, learning to use adjectives is a must. Japanese Adjectives Part 2 - Free Japanese Lessons: 6. These notes will explain more about today’s grammar and give extra examples of how to use Japanese adjectives. The 2 connected Japanese adjectives must not be of contradictory notion. That means when one adjective describes about "good" thing, the other adjective must not describe about "bad" thing. Japanese Grammar – Particles MO, TO, and YA (も,と and や) In this lesson, we will learn how to add Japanese nouns together with 3 new grammar particles. The stove is hot. I am _____. (かわいい猫!) – “What a cute cat!” yasui yōfuku! Verbs and nouns are vital to form a sentence, but if you want to add some color, you also need adjectives. Whose Is It? This has to do with the fact that 「 嫌い 」 is actually derived from the verb 「 嫌う 」. Creating a sentence like this in Japanese is pretty easy. All you have to do is tack the right ending onto the noun. Here, Ann Arbor, MI teacher Elaina R. shows you how to use Japanese adjectives…. Are you wondering how to say “I’m hungry” or “I’m thirsty”? Japanese Adjective Conjugation Go here for the Quick Japanese Verb how-to . When you’re not so overwhelmed with emotion that you need exclamations, use a normal sentence. Using adjectives in present tense is very easy in Japanese. Conjugations for negative forms. Here, Ann Arbor, MI teacher Elaina R. shows you how to use Japanese adjectives… Adjectives are descriptive words. Mo (も), と(to), and や (ya) all have slightly different uses but they are all very easy to learn. All Rights Reserved. Find Private Teaching Jobs on TakeLessons. You will get to see more of te-form in future lessons. The answer is to change the adjective in the first sentence to te-form (て-form), and connect it to the second adjective to form one sentence. Intro to the multiple classes of Japanese adjectives: i-adjectives, na-adjectives, no-adjectives, and attributives. Subscribe to my Newsletter and get your free eBook! Although Japanese adjectives have functions to modify nouns like English adjectives, they also function as verbs when used as predicates. Na-adjectives end in -na when they come before a noun and are conjugated using the copula -desu. Remember, too, that Japanese sentences don’t require a subject. Possessive Adjectives. I am a/an (adjective) person … in Japanese. I-adjectives end in -i and are conjugated similarly to verbs. Japanese adjectives are broadly divided into two categories: i-adjectives and na-adjectives. You have to add – na after the adjective to connect it to the rest of the sentence: kirei (きれい)-  pretty OR clean kirei na yama (きれいな山) – pretty mountain, shizuka (静か)- quiet shizuka na hito (静かな人)- quiet person.