Personal pronouns are short words that replace persons or things: he, she, they, it, me, her etc. Complement pronouns are the third category of personal pronouns in Italian (don’t miss our lesson on subject and reflexive pronouns! When they are combined, the i 's of the indirect pronouns change to e 's ( mi to me, ti to te, ci to ce and vi to ve )—what is called the forma tonica in Italian. Haven’t you done it yet? Kiss me! Subscribe to our newsletter to receive an email each time we publish a new lesson! General []. 1) Francesco dice a me la notizia (= lei) → Francesco me la dice (Francesco tells me the news → Francesco tells it to me), 2) Io racconto a te il mio segreto (= lui) → Io te lo racconto (I tell you my secret → I tell it to you), 3) Mio fratello dà a me e ai miei genitori (= a noi) dei regali (= loro) → Mio fratello ce li dà (My brother gives me and my parents some gifts → My brother gives them to us), 4) Io do a te e a tua sorella (= a voi) le mie borse (= loro) → Io ve le do (I give you and your sister my bags → I give them to you), 5) Paola regala l’orologio (= lui) al suo fidanzato (= a lui) → Paola glielo regala (Paola gives a watch to her boyfriend → Paola gives it to him), 6) Federico compra dei fiori (= loro) alla sua fidanzata (= a lei) → Federico glieli compra (Federico buys some flowers for his girlfriend → Federico buys them for her), 7) Roberta regala a loro le sue scarpe (= loro) → Roberta le regala loro ! Follow us on YouTube, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter! A che cosa?” (To whom? ): Paolo sogna me → Paolo mi sogna (Paolo dreams about me), Paolo accusa te → Paolo ti accusa (Paolo accuses you), Paolo compra il libro (= lui) → Paolo lo compra (Paolo buys the book → Paolo buys it), Paolo ascolta sua madre (= lei) → Paolo la ascolta (Paolo listens to his mother → Paolo listens to her), Paolo indica me e Carlo (= noi) → Paolo ci indica (Paolo points at me and Carlo → Paolo points at us), Paolo sogna te e il tuo cane (= voi) → Paolo vi sogna (Paolo dreams about you and your dog → Paolo dreams about you), Paolo rimprovera i suoi figli (= loro) → Paolo li rimprovera (Paolo blames his children → Paolo blames them), Paolo mangia le patatine (= loro) → Paolo le mangia (Paolo eats chips → Paolo eats them). With compound tenses, note that the rules for the direct object pronouns in the compound tenses apply to situations with combined pronouns; that means that the past participle needs to agree with the gender and number of the object. In English: me, you, … They are exactly the same as the subject pronouns, except that me is used instead of io and te is used instead of tu. le...loro. Le, ce, gli, glielo, gliela… How are they used? The third-person pronoun are lui (or egli), lei (or ella), esso and essa (it), loro (or essi). 5) Paola regala l’orologio (= lui) al suo fidanzato (= a lui). Review them!). Identify the correct indirect object pronoun for all'uomo: gli. → Paola gives a watch to her boyfriend. English Pronouns Italian Pronouns; Pronouns: Pronomi: I: Io: you: tu (friendly) voi (polite) he: egli: she: lei: we: noi: they: essi: me: me: you: tu: him: lui: her: lei: us: noi: them: loro: my: il mio: your: il tuo/la tua (of you singular) (or) il vostro/la vostra (of you plural) his: il suo/la sua (of him) her: il suo/la sua (of her) our: il nostro/la nostra: their: il/la loro: mine For instance, in the sentence I eat cake, the word 'I' is a subject, but in the sentence That lion wants to eat me, the word 'me' is the object.. Other pronouns (not personal) also replace nouns, with a more specific usage. Otherwise, the pronouns move ahead of the verb; in negative sentences, the non comes before: The partitive pronoun ne, indicating some of something, combines with the indirect object pronouns in the same way, following the same rules: te ne do, gliene do. But how to say, “She brings it to her”? When you use them as indirect objects you put the word a (meaning to ) before them. But first let me introduce you guys to the Indirect Object Pronouns: Mi - a me (to me) Ti - a te (to you) Gli - a lui (to him) Le - a lei (to her) Ci - a noi (to us) Vi - a voi (to you guys/you all) Gli - a loro (to them) Look familiar? → I tell you my secret. So “Gli dico” rather than “Dico loro”, for both masculine and feminine (I tell them). A few things to note: In combining the pronouns, the indirect comes before the direct ( mi plus la, mi plus le, and so on). However, commonly gli substitutes for loro (or a loro) and it is accepted pretty much by all grammarians, at least in the spoken language (even the revered Treccani). Italian subject pronouns are the equivalent of the English I, you, he, she, etc. 7) Roberta regala a loro le sue scarpe (= loro). 3) Mio fratello dà a me e ai miei genitori (= a noi) dei regali (= loro). 6) Federico compra dei fiori (= loro) alla sua fidanzata (= a lei). 1) Francesco dice a me la notizia (= lei). Personal pronouns can play various roles. . How are they formed? Vediamo se hai appreso i contenuti di questa lezione! Note that with certain verb modes, the pronouns get attached to the verb: Note that with servile verbs, the pronouns can attach to the infinitive or go before: Potresti dirglielo, or, Glielo potresti dire. 2) You must put before the implicit form of the complement pronoun introduced by the preposition “A” (mi, ti, gli, le, ci, vi, loro), 3) You must put after the implicit form of the complement pronoun that goes alone (mi, ti, lo, la, ci, vi, li, le). N.B. The explicit complement pronouns are: Ha sempre parlato bene di sua sorella → di lei (He has always said good things about his sister → about her), Vado sempre a teatro con il mio fidanzato → con lui (I always go to the theater with my boyfriend → with him), Hanno portato un pacco per i miei zii → per loro (They brought a package for my aunt and uncle → for them), *Devi dire tutto a me e alla mia amica → a noi (* You must tell everything to me and my friend → to us), *Hanno accusato Marco → lui (* They accused Marco → him). Find it out in this video! Let’s see which are the complement implicit pronouns: 1) The complement pronouns that are used alone and that answer the question “Chi? (when to use the INDICATIVE or INFINITIVE), Consecutio Temporum (indicative, subjunctive, conditional). Identify the correct indirect object pronoun for alla bambina: le. He has always said good things about his sister, I always go to the theater with my boyfriend, They brought a package for my aunt and uncle, You must tell everything to me and my friend, My brother gives me and my parents some gifts, Federico buys some flowers for his girlfriend, Scrivi il pronome complemento corretto: ha scritto a Cesare =, Scrivi il pronome complemento corretto: esco sempre con i miei amici = esco sempre con, Scrivi il pronome complemento corretto: l’ho fatto per Teresa = l’ho fatto per, Seleziona la forma implicita corretta: Silvio ha comprato molti regali a me, Seleziona la forma implicita corretta: ho detto cosa fare a Marco, Riscrivi la frase usando i pronomi impliciti: abbiamo visto Matteo =, Riscrivi la frase usando i pronomi impliciti: ha dato il pacco a te =, Riscrivi la frase usando i pronomi impliciti: ha chiamato me =, Seleziona la forma implicita corretta: mio cugino ha dato il cellulare a me e mio fratello, Seleziona la forma esplicita corretta: ve l’ho detto, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), When NOT to use the Italian SUBJUNCTIVE!