Angela Liang. What are the possible side effects to gene therapy? Hum Gene Ther. Gene therapy (also called human gene transfer) is a medical field which focuses on the utilization of the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acids into a patient's cells as a drug to treat disease. • Because of these ethical concerns, the U.S. Government does not allow federal funds to be used for research on germline gene therapy in people. The cost makes gene therapy treatments out of reach for most individuals since it is generally only affordable for the very rich. Ethical Issues Surrounding Gene Therapy 32. There are also issues about the cost of treatment related to the ethics of gene therapy. Legal regulation of human gene therapy. It specifically targets cells in the body which are not passed on to the person’s children. Gene therapy replaces a faulty gene or adds a new gene in an attempt to cure disease or improve your body's ability to fight disease. Part I of this article provides an overview of the current scope of gene therapy. Is it more ethical to use cells from adults as opposed to embryonic cells in gene therapy research? Areen J(1), King P. Author information: (1)Georgetown University Law Center, Washington DC 20001. Gene Therapy: Legal and Ethical Issues for Pregnant Women . Although gene therapy remains in its infancy and gene therapy in utero remains in the distant future, legal commentators are already debating issues surrounding the obligation of a … In addition, because gene therapy involves making changes to the body’s genetic setup, it raises many unique ethical concerns. 33. Ethical Issues Surrounding Gene Therapy • However, germ line therapy is not permitted in any county, on the basis that it is unethical. The decision to undergo gene therapy in utero for the sake of a fetus should legally rest with the pregnant woman rather than the judiciary or the legislature. The adequacy of existing legal mechanisms to regulate clinical trials of human gene therapy is examined. The biology of human gene therapy is very complex, and there are many techniques that still need to be developed and diseases that need to be understood more fully before gene therapy can be used appropriately. Abstract. Published on: August 9, 2019 Published in: Gene Editing, Hastings Bioethics Forum A Russian scientist recently announced his intention to use the gene-editing tool CRISPR to edit and implant human embryos—a revelation that met with international outcry similar to the condemnation of the Chinese scientist He Jiankui last year when he announced that he had created the first gene-edited … Authors. 1. 1. Germline gene therapy is currently not legal in the UK because the risks still appear to outweigh the benefits. Researchers are still studying how and when to use gene therapy. Immediate issues are the control and confidentiality of results of genetic testing, possible discrimination against those found to … Gene therapy holds promise for treating a wide range of diseases, such as cancer, cystic fibrosis, heart disease, diabetes, hemophilia and AIDS. Who decides whether the benefits outweigh the risks? Given the experimental nature of gene therapy, it is very expensive, and usually not covered by medical insurance. Somatic gene therapy is when DNA is transferred into body tissues. 1990 Summer;1(2):151-61. Ethical Issues in Genetic Therapy Joy Penticuff, RN, PhD Ethical issues in genetic therapy involve the use of genetic science for human good and the avoidance of preventable harms.