The approach of decision making differs in two dimensions. Rationality. According to Trewartha and Newport , "Decision making involves the selection of a course of action from among two or more possible alternatives in order to arrive at a solution for a given problem." It represents a course of action about what must or must not be done. It is a course of action, which is consciously chosen for achieving a desired result. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Prohibited Content 3. Decision making and problem solving are ongoing processes of evaluating situations or problems, considering alternatives, making choices, and following them up with the necessary actions. Factors Influencing 5. Factors Influencing 5. Decision Making : Definition, Characteristics and Importance, Decision Making Aids: Aids for Programmed Decisions and Aids for Non-programmed Decisions. Report a Violation. His decision-making theory can be ex­plained in the form of following points: 1. Decision making is an integral part of every aspect of life. It means to come to a conclusion of a problem. The main function of every management is making the right decisions and seeing them through to their logical end through execution. All the decisions are made to solve the problems by the managers with different styles and perspectives. 5. Characteristics of Decision Making 3. Whether the outcome is a consequence of luck or wisdom, the moment of decision-making is the most creative event in his life. The importance of decision making in management is immense, as the business policy and strategies adopted ultimately affects the company's output and performance. Planning, as a whole with its component parts like objectives, policies and procedures, is the outcome of decision-making. Decision-making is a selection process in which best alternative course of action is chosen from the given alternative courses of action. Decision-making is a must for all managerial functions. it may be positive (to perform certain activities) or negative (not to perform certain activities). Content Guidelines 2. Creating such programed routines lead to the formulation of rules, procedures and policies, which becomes a standard in the organization. These stages explain how decision making should take place logically. They are innovative in essence, as newly created or unexpected problems are settled through unconventional and novel solutions. We know that the general systems theory of David Easton and the structural- functional approach of Gabriel Almond and other related theories are more or less static in nature which means that all these theories deal with those elements that are static. Process 4. Decisions are made for future course of action based on the basis of past experiences and present conditions. Decision-making is a must for all managerial functions. Without decision making, different managerial functions such as planning, organizing, directing, controlling, and staffing cannot be conducted. Decision making is the act of making a choice. Decision-making is considered both an art and a science. That is why; decision-making is regarded by many writers as a part of the planning process. For instance, the function of choosing of objectives, policies, procedures, programmes, rules, strategies and tactics etc., need the entire process of decision-making. Decision-making can be both positive and negative i.e. It is thus evident that decision-making is at the core of planning. Organizations come up with specific ways to handle them. A decision may be defined as a choice made from available alternatives.