ADVERTISEMENTS: The three popular approaches to industrial relation are as follows: 1. Industrial relations or employment relations is the multidisciplinary academic field that studies the employment relationship; that is, the complex interrelations between employers and employees, labor/trade unions, employer organizations and the state.. For example, while some perceive IR in terms of class conflict, others view […] Radical approach: Systems approach is consistent with managerial interests, whereas radi­ cal theory advocates the économie and political interests of the working groups 4. Employer (capital) tries to maximize profit by holding surplus value and … The systems approach to industrial relations is configurational. It is an abstraction that can't take into account all of the factors that affect human behavior or the complexities of society as a whole. approaches: unitarism, pluralism and Marxism(also known as the radical approach). In other words, it is less analytical a nd explanator y. Compared to the Systems approach, radical … Like other behavioural subjects, both the scenario of IR and factors affecting it are perceived differently by different behavioural practitioners and theorists. According to Ogunbameru (2004), the American system approaches to the Based on the Marxist perceptive of industrial relations, the conflict is structural and necessary. Industrial conflict always show itself in strikes and other forms of collective action of striking such as working to rule, go-slows and so on. This view of industrial relations is a by product of a theory of capitalist society and social change. According to this theory the management holds the power in decision making … In this approach the management and the staff share the same objectives, thus they work hand in hand to achieve that particular goal for the organization (Approaches to Industrial Relations) . Marxist Approach. It is now 44 years since the publication of Alan Fox’s famous paper for the Donovan Commission in which he introduced the ‘frames of reference’ approach to industrial relations (IR). Approaches to Industrial Relations is a comprehensive field of study, subtle as well as gross, a vast area of interactions, actions and reactions which affect not just a company or an industry, but also the economy. The problem w ith this approach to Industrial Relations is that it is historical and descriptive. Thus, Dunlop developed his theoretical approach of industrial relations on the basis of a systems concept and was heavily influenced by the prior work of Parsons (Fajana, 2000). The third and the final approach is the Radical approach. Pluralistic Approach 3. There is a example which is industrial conflict for Marxist perspective. Unitary Approach 2. The unitaristperspective assumes that there is no difference ... A radical perspective of industrial relations sees conflict as an inherent characteristic of employment relations, and inevitable given the nature of capitalist development. His book Beyond Contract, in which he added the ‘radical’ frame of Industrial relations is the study of one portion of a society. applied to the analysis of social institutions other than industrial relations. Marxists argue that industrial relation is a relation of clashes of class interest between capital and labour.