Russian cases As you probably already know, the order of words in a Russian sentence can be rearranged without losing the meaning. 3. And again, all adjectives that are modifying masculine animate and plural animate nouns will take the endings of the Genetive Case. In Russian, adjectives agree with the noun in gender, number and case. Five, six, seven little windows. In English, this is denoted by the objective case. Copyright 2001-2020 MasterRussian.com | Privacy Neuter; Одно маленькое окно. Genitive case and Nominative case, singural and plural (depending on the gender of the noun), works for the numerals “2,3,4” and all the numerals that end in these numbers. This is accomplished through a system of grammatical cases where nouns, pronouns, and adjectives change their endings depending on their role in the sentence. adjectives have the following endings for all genders: Ask them in the Russian Questions and Answers — a place for students, teachers and native Russian speakers to discuss Russian grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and other aspects of the Russian language. The Russian accusative case is used for the object of a sentence, in this case the word “dog”. Adjectives always describe nouns. Two, three, four little children, the adjective is used in the Genitive plural and the noun, in the Genitive singular. Masculine: Один маленький ребёнок. The starting place to learn the Russian language on the Internet. See Russian adjectives used in example sentences, videos and charts that make it easy to understand this grammar topic like a pro. Five, six, seven little children. WORD OF THE DAY In the nominative singular, For example, My Russian cat likes my new dog - Моя русская кошка любит мою новую собаку. In the nominative singular, adjectives have the following endings: Adjectives are used to describe people and objects. adjectives have the following endings: In the plural, Subscribe and get a Russian Tip in your inbox every day! Genitive case, plural, works for the numerals “5-20” and all the numerals that end in “5-9”. As a memory aid, these are the two letters that feminine nouns take on in the accusative case. Genitive case and Nominative case, singural and plural (depending on the gender of the noun), works for the numerals “2,3,4” and all the numerals that end in these numbers. Five, six, seven little girls. The adjective agrees with the noun. The only time we use the accusative case in English is with pronouns. So a noun in the accusative case, has the adjective also in the accusative case. | Other uses of the accusative case are after some common prepositions, such as в + acc, 'into', or на + acc, 'onto'. [table] Adjectives in the Dative Case. One little child, So, if the noun is in Accusative (Acc. Five, six, seven little children. 1. The change of adjectives depending on cases is called declension. Adjectives always take the case of the accompanying noun in Russian. новая статья → новую статью –яя (soft stem) changes to –юю (acc.) This lesson shows typical endings for singular and plural adjectives. Russian school Russificate © 2013-2020. We use “me” instead of “I” and “him” instead of “he”. The Accusative Case of Russian Adjectives Formula The Hard Adjectives. Did you know that different cases of adjectives and nouns can be used in combination with Russian cardinal numerals? In Russian, We follow many of the same rules here as for the nouns: Inanimate masculine, neuter and all plural adjectives stay the same In the Russian language there are many different forms of each adjective. The accusative Case: Adjetives In this lesson's dialogues we have seen examples of Nominative (Nom.) In Russian, adjectives agree with nouns in gender, number and case. Genitive case, plural, works for the numerals “5-20” and all the numerals that end in “5-9”. Feminine: Одна маленькая девочка. One little window. of adjectives depending on cases is called declension. Learn Russian online with native Russian teachers. The change of adjectives depending on cases is called declension. Two, three, four little windows, the adjective is used in the Genitive plural and the noun, in the Genitive singular. Neuter: Пять, шесть, семь маленьких окон. My Yahoo! Neuter: Два маленьких окна. This means that if the noun is in the Accusative Case, then the adjective should also be in the Accusative Case. Case in adjectives. Policy | Contact Us. Russian adjectives agree with nouns they modify in gender, number, and case. In order to form the Accusative of an adjective, you will follow these 3 steps: ( At the end of this page you will find an explanation on how to read the table) No reproduction is allowed without written permission of the author. One little girl. Two, three, four little children, the adjective is used in the Genitive plural and the noun, in the Genitive singular. 3. (Whereas adverbs describe verbs or actions). shows typical endings for singular and plural adjectives. It not only agrees with the noun / pronoun in gender and number, but also case (and in Russian language there are 6 cases!). ), the adjective must be in Dative too . International Online Russian Language School, The Combination of Russian Numerals, Adjectives and Nouns, Russian Language and Literature According to the Russian School Program. 2. iGoogle This lesson Masculine: Два, три, четыре маленьких ребёнка. Declension of Adjectives. adjectives agree with nouns in gender, number and case. In the nominative singular, adjectives have the following endings: Words like “fast”, “new” and “beautiful” are all adjectives. Feminine: Две, три, четыре маленькие девочки. Master Russian adjectives with this complete guide to usage, including declension, short versus long adjective forms, the Russian comparative and superlative and more. In Russian, adjectives agree with the noun in gender, number and case. Practice everyday Russian with native professional teachers for only 6 euros for a 20-minute lesson. Declension of Adjectives. It is mainly used to identify a word as being the object of a verb, such as the word 'him' in the sentence "She likes him". The hard adjectives have the suffix “-ый”, “-ой”, and “-ий”. Two, three, four little windows,  the adjective is used in the Genitive plural and the noun, in the Genitive singular. So a long form of the adjective can be in Nominative masculine singular, or Geninitive feminine plural, or Dative neuter singular, and so on. In Russian, adjectives agree with nouns in gender, number and case. Masculine: Пять, шесть, семь маленьких детей. последняя книга → последню… The Russian language uses the case for all nouns. All rights reserved. –ая (hard stem) changes to –ую (acc.) | and Accusative (Acc.)  RSS Two, three, four little girls, the adjective is used in the Nominative plural and the noun, in the Genitive singular. The Accusative case is the second most common grammatical case in Russian. Masculine: Два, три, четыре маленьких ребёнка. This lesson shows typical endings for singular and plural adjectives. One exception is adjectives with the soft ending: they take -юю in the accusative instead. ), the adjective must be in Accusative too. The change Feminine adjectives take the following endings. Logical. If the object is animate, the adjective will be replaced with –ого for masculine and -ых for plural. Masculine: Пять, шесть, семь маленьких детей. (Relating to the 6 cases, 3 genders, plural, short and the comparative). Feminine: Пять, шесть, семь маленьких девочек. So, if the noun is in Dative (Dat.