geg*��e�� (L{�xG���:�-m�������7U�/�Qݕ[zR�]o Ƽ�ɘ�rؘ|�����u�����שÏ Xa_���`�}�l4��0��0��k�(��w#��+^�c&9uR�=)a�>5jk .Q��5So���y2���y�K�|�8�u���>>��8����>}��Bz��_�{��|��Ei�y��?�˻�=}��7� ��Z(s�Rv�ֱ�5���D�����y,~^DmI0�E�G�8�j����������� ���L�~�8Ww���x�0H���Px�MИ�0� �M�~'[��k�e�L���Mp=�ظ���m��mڬ������v�h�p�֒���˙_��`�� ���?�W� ��� ���l�-�yYU n�����ZoT�/��lxj%��a4�lb�{! �.��V$��&�5��@T3R� • Cutting and forming thin sheets of metal usually performed as cold working • Sheet metal = 0.4 (1/64) to 6 mm (1/4in) thick • Plate stock > 6 mm thick • Advantage - High strength, good dimensional accuracy, good surface finish, economical mass production (low cost). _�1[�����o�a�GM+؃�[4���F a���U��6-:º�Xu,y ��%�}@��L��g6�~c�f>9N�l)A,�2�,��䈂�� vU�G�4� b����b6' ��]��W�V��3�+k�A�� This solid h�22P0P02T0R02R07U�����wJ,Nu��+��H�)K-�LN�w�K�O��KW01j��K�MK��&�T�� C0��kg�lPTbA�P{RbI1DoT�Kn� ��1B P+��~ Y?a �����p��Qᄞ�������ׯ��a&�u��������ZWk������6����n��� ���g p߷�h�Bu٪�ű��s�Zs$��\U��a��K8��c���68�Ⱥ��KY��h3��)���x�'s2�9�ʌ�9���.�����_��Z�U՗��.���8��z3P�����:��M����ܪ�;PNW�n5�UnZ�BY��픵S�e��*�L�dʁL���C��k�x�ě�x��j����0+��r����j�q�:{�����I���K�4�'�4¥0_�$f�Ϳ���, g'��W�+���b��O� ��L��G�'Cy�T��T��H�f×�yy�0�%�W�|�#0 ~�iW(#C���c ��x�������"���l/y��"Ĝ*(�Q��(K)UO� ��Iǃ��Qh�~?0t�5�ex�K��;�7xo*�T����\jOf2�Le�3�E�"S%[�^L��5�W�^>�W� /�ѷ��`�=�R7u�+<4f!K��R�ȋēJ"�YxE*��3�%I�� �y,M��Ԕ�� '�~M��E\�"��w0�C�E��2M4�*�Ɨ#��"�$+D��� x�rdDh]��s��--��_`9 8| �o/r�� 'C�3�t&c�)����S!��*MyQ!UP8��$�#!��`u$|fhN �� ��� �� ��!�f.��PzpN������N�A� �`F�/0z#�m������0�k �_X| �G/9�yP�=����P9\�Ι�,�f��"f����S��^ A blank-holder is used to clamp the blank on the die, while the punch pushes into the sheet metal. endstream endobj 87 0 obj <>stream C���gd]����_�=���L5��W Gj����p�\�S����xWv���LI�;[J�4C���:,�k�`W��P¯�p ��>�-T�`)����b�V�����Rez]-���R;C=NC�Tj���{��o����I�މ����҂�F�a�0N�ޝM'?^��yo�*��� � endstream endobj 3 0 obj <>/Filter/CCITTFaxDecode/Height 526/ImageMask true/Length 5823/Subtype/Image/Width 1040>>stream endstream endobj 92 0 obj <>stream �I%A�U�A��U���$�B�=WI�Z����%��7�V��u�'��M�|_L$���F������CpM+-��w�#�|�#��� �e��.��GE�>JQtq����V�� rC�-��h��vbB�iSe���;xA�F�I �� �4��Ip�j��a�e�,� �a1�!�P ..�6�pAp�gXa!d=�a({a+���� �n����:m����;�h,[email protected]��;-�I��K: endstream endobj 2 0 obj <>stream h�27Q0P���wJ,Nu��+��H�)K-�LN�w�K�O��KW07� ��K�MK��&�T�� C0��kg` ��� It is defined as the mechanical working of metal at a temperature between that of Hot working and Cold Working. ]3�O��3Q���L��!2FF⟱�ޙ9� G4�pA�!#��L3C8`�U���'���>!��zv����w/Dv�KrQD���ވ��H�!�C�;���� �N�N��H'��i���A=>����O���v��������$�z������Џ��h �����B�o��T/������DA����������%� �����s��WO�K��K�������������Z�����k�����"��0��k����v����o� �0�_%��p�"v�B�R��Vt��4��� ���iEt9�������Prs�'�(o��[�=Đq[���\d-�+p�\C�ߗBs�����4��; ̈��x,y�4����ԼChꜥ��D=�W���s�3Rc W|��T�9e����5\]^�l4(��!I� �DS h�L�� $h遆@�@(5L&x�4�u`�2������hl[{��~=�`"U���'4�Z^�,f��綦�f���r����%�1a1� �$���\�Cs^q�߹lO���$�؎�a�]r��GI����5i����y��hn��>����J�'�ŧ;�A���ak�I`�E߹���k��߿���S�Y��L�����b�� ���s4t/�*N�1��Ե��y��YXh��Z�d:m�1�s��[��]3�� �\�`]��RB�(��[憐5I=\��Io��);�ϣ5T�w�&��RJ9p����У[�U �m��)��K h�D�]�0��r�t��lk$Ad�� �݉.4����'t��{��% l6r7qG>.��5�5wIr�\���{�j�i�kvq�֨Pi�ZD���3�΍��l�v��|� �T�ZȒ�?_b�3��1���`$d婝��cu�cG��� �TY!/=..��S�'Ý| ̉�`$vʪ( D.�A}��� ���|R�#��.�!7Q�N�}H� &�A�z[Z4�� PoV�HPgs���"��������a ��7j���lIu2Ĥ4�Hi�R��t���$Q�[email protected]Ő.�.��>����'V�A�bBS��aNP�$8�pA�h��BbBTi0i��x7D"����̖����<2���:s%@<2� �� xhA�,r�UN�0�d �(��}�u���)�,I^�ov��E�[�zcUU�ڛ�ix���!K�J�'��ux K��}9܃+�����P�(�)�Q�$~s��gR~��*�cw�:ĸҞa���:\�^*����Q]7��!��[�i��^<9�\-��܎jF`n�i�9.�B���t��KH[�YC�ڦ��l�բ���M����z��բR��YS�O��ЗU��H��U��Y�&I�V}�xBǐ��J�����uM�V���\vez��n��M��R�P�*3Q�UY�a�7=P��[X�����n�y��T�;3p�q�VuC8MK=�L;�U�[�c����(�.8�*c�����r�m��c `��*'�h�7���6��ƫ�� ٪5[p�D�[�|�u��