Although the majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. The religion of the Yoruba is finding roots in the Islands of the Caribbean and potions of Central and South America. Natural phenomena are responsible for providing people with their daily needs. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 02:28. Diviner (also known as priest) are also sought for their wisdom as counselors in life and for their knowledge of herbal medicine. Among Niger–Congo-speakers is a belief in a creator God, force or higher deity, which is considered by some to be a widespread and ancient feature of Niger-Congo-cultures, along with other more specialized deities, ancestor spirits, territorial spirits, and beings, as well as evil caused by human ill will and neglecting ancestor spirits, and priests of territorial spirits. See also: Divination, Early-20th-century Yoruba divination board. While some religions adopted a pantheistic worldview, most follow a polytheistic system with various gods, spirits and other supernatural beings. The living stand between their ancestors and the unborn. , Although the majority of Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. Yet Ngai is not the distant God that we know in the West.  The deities and spirits are honored through libation or sacrifice (of animals, vegetables, cooked food, flowers, semi-precious stones and precious metals). Diverse traditional beliefs and practices of African people, Encyclopedia of African Religion (Sage, 2009). One religious ceremony practiced in Gabon and Cameroon is the Okuyi, practiced by several Bantu ethnic groups. Adherents of traditional religions in Sub-Saharan Africa are distributed among 43 countries and are estimated to number over 100 million. He then took the first man, Gikuyu, to the top to point out the beauty of the land he was giving him.In traditional African religions, such as the Azande religion, a person is said to have a good or bad conscience, depending on whether he does the bidding of God or malevolent spirits. , Traditional African religions can be broken down into linguistic cultural groups, with common themes. There are more similarities than differences in all traditional African religions. (Worship of the vodun is the original source of the Haitian religion of Vodou, which emerged as a syncretism of African, Roman Catholic, and Caribbean religious traditions by African slaves in Haiti.) In recent times, traditional religions, such as the Yoruba religion, are on the rise. However, some of the... ... [Trackback] [...] Find More Informations here: slife.org/western-slang-lingo-and-phrases/ [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: slife.org/winston-churchill-quotes/ [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: slife.org/mens-rights-movement/ [...]. Other religions found in Africa have their origins in other parts of the world.”. This builds skills at separating the feelings elicited by this mindset from their situational manifestations in daily life. It deals with their cosmology, ritual ... 2. The word, is related to the Maasai word Enkai, and was borrowed by both the Kikuyu and Kamba.  Traditional African religions embrace natural phenomena – ebb and tide, waxing and waning moon, rain and drought – and the rhythmic pattern of agriculture. According to Lugira, “it is the only religion that can claim to have originated in Africa. The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions. , Some researchers, including historical ethnolinguist Christopher Ehret, suggest that certain monotheistic concepts, such as the belief in a creator god or force (next to other gods, deities and spirits) are ancient and indigenous among peoples of the Niger-Congo ethnolinguistic family (of much of West Africa and Central Africa) and date to the beginning of their history, in a form substantially different from the monotheism found in Abrahamic religions. Gods were either self-created or evolved from spirits or ancestors which got worshiped by the people. "Traditional Religion", in his. Some sacred or holy locations for traditional religions include Nri-Igbo, the Point of Sangomar, Yaboyabo, Fatick, Ife, Oyo, Dahomey, Benin City, Ouidah, Nsukka, Kanem-Bornu, Igbo-Ukwu, and Tulwap Kipsigis, among others. There are also religions with a single Supreme being (Chukwu, Nyame, Olodumare, Ngai, Roog, etc.). The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. Most religions can … Also, this practice can also give rise to those in these trances uttering words which, when interpreted by a culturally educated initiate or diviner, can provide insight into appropriate directions which the community (or individual) might take in accomplishing its goal. The Spiritual Life © 2020. Followers of traditional African religions pray to various spirits as well as to their ancestors. There are generally no prohibitions against the practice. S. Mbiti, John (1991). Traditional African religions embrace natural phenomena – ebb and tide, waxing and waning moon, rain and drought – and the rhythmic pattern of agriculture. This builds skills at separating the feelings elicited by this mindset from their situational manifestations in daily life. They have replaced indigenous African religions, but are often adapted to African cultural contexts and belief systems. Main article: African divination This list is limited to a few well-known traditions. Since Africa is a large continent with many ethnic groups and cultures, there is not one single technique of casting divination. Other people believed that Ngai’s abode was on Mount Kenya, or else ‘beyond’ its peaks. Natural phenomena are responsible for providing people with their daily needs. All aspects of weather, thunder, lightning, rain, day, moon, sun, stars, and so on may become amenable to control through the cosmology of African people. Practices and rituals. In Christian or Islamic communities, religious beliefs are also sometimes characterized with syncretism with the beliefs and practices of traditional religions. Thunder is interpreted to be the movement of God, and lightning is God’s weapon by means of which he clears the way when moving from one sacred place to another. In traditional African societies, many people seek out diviners on a regular basis. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003), Index of African mythology and creation narratives, List of African deities and mythical figures, Traditional African Religion and other religions, Persecution of traditional African religion, "The world of spirits and the respect for nature: towards a new appreciation of animism", "Animism: Foundation of Traditional Healing in Sub-Saharan Africa", What is religion? Also, this practice can also give rise to those in these trances uttering words which, when interpreted by a culturally educated initiate or diviner, can provide insight into appropriate directions which the community (or individual) might take in accomplishing its goal. He also notes that most modern African folk religions were strongly influenced by non-African religions, mostly Christianity and Islam and thus may differ from the ancient forms. Main article: Persecution of traditional African religion. , Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities, nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife. "Kings, Magic & Medicine". "Religions of South Africa" pp. He – for Ngai is male – cannot be seen, but is manifest in the sun, moon, stars, comets and meteors, thunder and lightning, rain, in rainbows and in the great fig trees (mugùmò) that served as places of worship and sacrifice, and which marked the spot at Mukurue wa Gathanga where Gikuyu and Mumbi – the ancestors of the Kikuyu in the oral legend – first settled. Main article: List of African mythological figures. The Benin Monarchy, Olokun & Iha Ominigbon. For the Kikuyu, according to their primary supreme creator, Ngai, acting through the lesser deities, is believed to speak to and be capable of guiding the virtuous person as one's conscience. This is largely because cosmology and beliefs are intricately intertwined with the natural phenomena and environment. Virtue in traditional African religion is often connected with carrying out obligations of the communal aspect of life. The deities and spirits are honored through libation or sacrifice (of animals, vegetables, cooked food, flowers, semi-precious stones and precious metals). The two Abrahamic religions are widespread across Africa, though mostly concentrated in different areas. Among Nilo-Saharan speakers is the belief in Divinity; evil is caused by divine judgement and retribution; prophets as middlemen between Divinity and man. Introduction to African religion. , When this trance-like state is witnessed and understood, adherents are privy to a way of contemplating the pure or symbolic embodiment of a particular mindset or frame of reference. Umewaen: Journal of Benin & Edoid Studies: Osweego, NY. The will of the gods or spirits is sought by the believer also through consultation of divinities or divination.